1. MILITARY SITUATION
The Russian troops simultaneously attack Ukraine from the territory of Russia, Belarus and the temporarily occupied parts of Ukraine’s Donetsk, Luhansk regions and Crimea.
- The main directions of Russia’s invasion remain Kyiv (with the key goal to change Government to a pro-Russian one), Kharkiv (second largest city of Ukraine close to the border with Russia), southern regions of Ukraine adjacent to Russia-occupied Crimea, the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, as well as the Donetsk and Luhansk regions;
- Russia fires hundreds of cruise and operational-tactical missiles at military positions and cities, attacks with aviation, tanks and artillery, and sends subversion and reconnaissance groups to attack civilian infrastructure. Amphibious landing is being prepared to the coastal regions of Ukraine (the city of Odesa is the main target);
- The most problematic part of defense is Ukrainian sky. Russia has significant air advantage, which it actively uses by attacking critical civilian infrastructure, wreaking havoc and killing dozens of civilians daily;
- The territory of Belarus is actively used by Russia for its military purposes: missiles are launched, and the airfield network is used for transportation of personnel and cargo. Despite Lukashenka’s statements, the direct engagement of Belarus armed forces remains highly probable. Lukashenka’s regime shares responsibility with Kremlin for its war against Ukraine;
- Several towns were occupied, and several cities are attacked and besieged (Kharkiv, Kherson, Mariupol);
- The web-sites of the governmental institutions of Ukraine suffer from cyber attacks.
Despite the use of its best military units, Russia failed to reach its key goals. Ukraine did not surrender in three days, as Kremlin was expecting. In the towns temporarily under control of Russian troops, Ukrainian population is actively protesting against them. No one greets Russia in Ukraine. We continue to fight and we will win:
- Ukraine has activated its right for self-defense according to the UN Charter Article 51;
- Ukraine’s Armed Forces fight Russia’s Armed Forces. More than 100.000 Ukrainian citizens have already joined the territorial defence units. This number is only growing. Volunteers are coming from abroad to join Ukraine’s International Legion;
- Almost all Russian troops prepared for invasion (111 out of 117 battalion tactical groups) have already been sent to Ukraine. They will face severe logistical challenges;
- The Russian troops are suffering heavy losses. As of morning 6 March, they constitute more than 11.000 personnel (killed and wounded), 44 aircrafts, 48 helicopters, 285 tanks, 985 armored vehicles, 109 artillery systems, 50 MLRS, 447 trucks, 60 fuel cisterns, 21 anti-aircraft systems, 4 UAVs, 2 light speedboats;
- The Russian leadership attempts to conceal real losses of the Russian troops in Ukraine, afraid of mass anti-war protests (including by blocking social networks, intimidating media, censorship and imprisoning, as well as using mass graves for Russian military killed in action). Still, truth cannot be hidden. On 2 March, the Russian side has recognized losses, but stated only a small part of them;
- 88% of Ukrainian citizens are convinced that we will win this defensive war against Russia.
Russia’s irresponsible actions pose the gravest nuclear threats:
- On 4 March, the entire Europe was put on the brink of nuclear disaster, when the Russian troops began shelling the largest in Europe Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant, equal to six Chornobyl. Fortunately, Ukrainian firefighters managed to put the fire out. The power station was seized by Russia, the situation remains very fragile;
- The Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant was seized by the Russian troops;
- Russia’s nuclear-deterrence forces remain on alert. Threats by nuclear war continue;
- Despite Russia’s false allegations, Ukraine has neither intention, nor steps taken aimed at creation of nuclear weapon. This was confirmed by IAEA Director General on 4 March.
Russia flagrantly violates international law, including:
- Russian military vessels are blocking the access of civil ships to the North-Western part of the Black Sea along Ukraine’s shoreline and deliberately attacking them in violation of the international law of the sea;
- In violation of the International Convention of the Safety of Life at Sea, the humanitarian aid mission (the rescue ship ‘Sapphire’) was captured and detained by Russian warships in the Serpent (Zmiinyi) Island area.Two other Ukrainian civil ships were de facto pirated by Russian warships;
- In violation of the Hague conventions on the Laws and Customs of War on Land, Russia has mobilized 3.5 thousand persons in the temporarily occupied certain areas of Donetsk and Luhansk regions. They were sent to the forward positions of the Russian troops fighting against cities of Kharkiv and Mariupol.
2. HUMANITARIAN SITUATION
Faced with military defeats on the ground, the Russian troops began indiscriminate attacks on Ukrainian cities with missile strikes and heavy artillery. Documents and maps seized by Ukrainian troops from Russian prisoners of war confirm that bombardments of residential areas had been planned in advance. These are crimes against humanity:
- Kindergartens and schools, universities and hospitals, airports and fuel stations, bridges and water reservoirs are targeted;
- Thousands of Ukrainian civilian citizens were killed and wounded (including 840 children wounded as of 4 March);
- Many people have lost their homes. Nearly 875 thousand Ukrainians were forced to leave Ukraine. Hundreds of thousands became IDPs;
- Such towns as Schastya and Stanytsia Luhanska near Luhansk, or Volnovakha in the Donetsk region, are now nearly destroyed;
- The residential areas of such citiesas Kharkiv, Chernihiv and many others, are intensively shelled, leaving daily dozens of innocent civilians killed and wounded;
- Almost the entire city of Mariupol has been left without heat, light and water.
We urgently need humanitarian assistance, as fast as possible:
- On 1 March, the Government of Ukraine has adopted a decree simplifying the procedure of delivery of the humanitarian assistance through the state border of Ukraine for the period of duration of martial law (immediate passage of humanitarian aid across the state border of Ukraine on the basis of the accompanying documents or the declaration);
- On 2 March, President Zelenskyy established the Coordination Office on Humanitarian and Social Issues, headed by the Head of the Office of the President;
- Over the last days, Ukraine received 3500 tons of humanitarian aid from 12 countries. We are grateful to our partners and expect a more active involvement of international organizations in humanitarian aid, including establishment of humanitarian corridors blocked by the Russian troops, ensuring delivery of humanitarian relief to the medical facilities, and provision of critical food supply to the civilian population;
- UN Humanitarian has launched emergency appeals for a combined $1.7 billion to urgently deliver humanitarian support to people inside Ukraine and refugees in neighbouring countries.
Russian military aggression not only kills Ukrainians, but threatens thousands of foreigners in Ukraine:
- We regret that while they had been warmly welcomed in our country, nowadays Russian invasion put their lives at high risk;
- Despite Russia’s propaganda, there is no discrimination based on the race or nationality, including when it comes to the crossing of the state border by foreign citizens;
- We call on all foreign governments to demand from President Putin that he immediately stops his war in Ukraine.
3. DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS
The world supports Ukraine. Russia becomes increasingly isolated:
- On 25 February, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe suspended Russia`s rights of representationin CMCE and PACE;
- On 2 March, the UN GA with overwhelming majority of votes (141 YES and only 5 NO, with 35 abstained) adopted the Resolution on Russian invasion to Ukraine;
- 13 Russian diplomats were expelled from the Russian Mission to the UN;
- On 3 March, Russia was suspended from the Council of the Baltic Sea States;
- On 3 March, 45 OSCE participating States have invoked the Moscow mechanism for Russia’s war against Ukraine;
- On 4 March, the UN HR Council adopted the Resolution “Situation of human rights in Ukraine stemming from the Russian aggression” (32 YES, 2 NO and 13 Abstained).
Russia’s diplomatic and politic isolation must continue:
- We call our partners to follow our example (Ukraine has terminated diplomatic relations with Russia) and to expel Russia’s ambassadors immediately;
- The international organizations must consider banning Russia’s membership for blatant violations of international law;
- Countries, which support Russia’s actions in one way or another, should bear the consequences (Ukraine has recalled Ambassadors in Kyrgyzstan and Georgia for consultations following the unfriendly steps done by these countries).
We welcome all steps made by the international institutions to bring Russia to justice and to support Ukraine:
- On 26 February, Ukraine submitted its application against Russia to the International Court of Justice, requesting the Court to issue an order that Russia must cease its unlawful attack on Ukraine. The first hearing will take place on 7 March;
- On 1 March, the ECHR decided to indicate to the Government of Russia to refrain from military attacks against civilians and civilian objects;
- International Criminal Court Prosecutor opened an investigation into the situation in Ukraine. The ICC investigators have already been sent to Ukraine to collect evidence;
- All cases of violation of the provisions of international and international humanitarian law must be registered by the respective international bodies;
- UN Secretary-General has appointed Amin Awad as UN Crisis Coordinator for Ukraine to lead the coordination of all UN efforts, including its humanitarian response.
Ending the war, launched by Russia, remains Ukraine’s key priority. We are ready to consider any options, which would not cross such red lines as Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity within the internationally recognized borders:
- Two rounds of Ukrainian-Russian negotiations were held on 28 February and 3 March. As a result, the humanitarian corridors were agreed for Mariupol and Volnovakha for 5 March. The evacuation of civilians on 5 March was interrupted, as Russia broke ceasefire and resumed shelling the city of Mariupol and its suburbs as well as of the city of Volnovakha using the heavy weapons. The third round of negotiations is planned for 7 March;
- On 3 March, the Ukrainian Parliament adopted a number of decisions and appeals, including to the UN on the need to send peacekeeping forces to Ukraine;
- We need international legal guarantees of security.
4. ACTIONS BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
- According to the polls, held on 1 March, 86% of Ukrainian citizens support joining the EU, and 76% support accession to NATO;
- On 28 February, President of Ukraine signed an official application for the EU membership for Ukraine within new urgent procedure. Ten EU countries have already supported it;
- On 1 March, the European Parliament (637 votes pro and only 13 votes contra, 26 abstained) adopted Resolution, calling on European institutions to work towards granting Ukraine the status of EU candidate country and imposing tougher sanctions against Russia.
We are grateful for the decisions already taken by our friends and partners:
- for arms, military equipment and ammunitions sent over to us by our partners;
- for the decision of Turkey to block the access of Russian warships to the Black Sea;
- for introducing the ban on Russian air vessels in the airspace (EU, USA, UK, Canada, North Macedonia, Moldova, Norway, USA, Iceland, Switzerland, Montenegro);
- for the humanitarian support provided for the citizens of Ukraine,
- for fuel supplies (Azerbaijan’s SOCAR).
The unprecedented sanctions are of particular importance, isolating Russia’s economy and severely undermining its economic and financial capacities to continue aggression:
- Russian currency has drastically depreciated;
- Russian companies go bankrupt;
- Many international corporations are leaving Russia;
- Doing business with Russia becomes increasingly toxic;
- Russia’s sovereign ratings are downgraded, leading to default.
Further actions need to be done immediately:
- no-fly zone over Ukraine to cease the shelling of civilians by Russia and ensure the safety of critical infrastructure such as Nuclear Power Plants;
- strengthening Ukraine’s air defense system, including by providing military aircrafts;
- full cutting Russia off the SWIFT (for all banks, not only those under sanctions);
- ✔ expanding sanctions to Lukashenka’s regime in Belarus;
- trade embargo on Russia, including in oil and gas sector, as well as sales of gold;
- preventing Russia from the use of crypto-currencies to circumvent sanctions;
- closure of ports for Russian vessels (following the UK, Canada and Cyprus);
- supporting Ukraine with weapons, protective equipment, ammunition, fuel, and whatever else necessary to counter the biggest army in the continent;
- providing Ukraine with financial support;
- deputinizing the world: ending Putin’s influence in politics, diplomacy, business, sports, culture, research & other spheres;
- support the declaration on Maritime Security and Safety of Seafarers in the Black Sea and Sea of Azov Resulting from the Russian Federation’s Further Invasion of Ukraine to be considered by IMO Council on 10-11 March;
- Prime Minister of Ukraine has officially appealed to the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Japan regarding the status of Russia’s and Belarus’ membership in the International Monetary Fund and all World Bank organizations.
The war launched by President of Russia, must be stopped. It is not in the interest of Russian and Belarusian citizens:
- We are grateful to the wide Ukrainian community abroad, which joined the Government of Ukraine in delivering the truth on Russia’s war in Europe;
- Anti-war demonstrations held by citizens of many nations throughout the world demonstrate strong support to Ukraine in defending against Russia;
- It is critical to keep informing Russian and Belarusian citizens on the aggressive war conducted without their consent against Ukraine by their leaders;
- Russian and Belarusian people are protesting against attacking Ukraine. Nine thousand (as of 6 March) of Russian citizens have already been detained. Detentions are also widespread in Belarus.
We welcome 500 million Euro humanitarian assistance allocated from the EU budget for the needs of Ukrainian refugees coming to the EU countries. We appreciate the swift finalization of all procedures and signing of the Memorandum on macro-financial assistance to Ukraine with the EU. We count on prompt disbursement of the first 600 million Euro tranche.
When Ukraine wins, we will need further significant support by the world in rebuilding our country from Russia-brought destruction:
- Establishment of the international fund with the capital of at least $ 500 billion;
- Financial and technical support to strengthen Ukraine’s defensive capacities and prevent any further attempts by Russia to launch a war in Europe;
- Soonest possible access to the EU structural funds for the post-war reconstruction of Ukraine (taken into account submission of the application for the EU membership);
- Launch by the EU of the new emergency financial assistance program for Ukraine (in addition to current MFA program) ;
- Massive investments, grants and contributions to relaunch Ukraine’s economic development.